One of Yunnan’s unique aboriginal ethnic minorities, the De’ang minority group has a population of about 20,000, most of whom live in Luxi, Lianghe, Ruili and Longchuan municipality/county of Dehong Prefecture or Longyang District of Baoshan Municipality. Most of the De’ang people worship the Hinayana Buddhism, and their folk activities are closely linked with Buddhist services. Like the Dai minority people, the De’ang people celebrate the Water-splashing Festival, which they also call the “Flower-watering Festival”. Other important festivals of the De’ang people include the “Door-opening Festival” and “Door-closing Festival”. The De’ang people boast extremely colorful ethnic costumes, well-popularized oral literature, folk song creations and unique tea culture.
Most of De’ang people’s houses feature the ganlan-style architectures with thatch-sheet roofs and bamboo or wood-board walls. Major components of the De’ang Village include the “Huge House” that is big enough to accommodate scores of inhabitants, smaller houses with hat-shape roofs, the romantic “Big Public House”, the “Little Public House”, the “Longyang Tower”, the Buddhist temple and the Buddhist pagoda. The De’ang people’s custom of building sand towers at the Water-splashing Festival is also portrayed in the village.